Test d'e-mail pour les navigateurs et exemple de code de simulateur iOS en 2024

Testez, affichez et prévisualisez automatiquement les e-mails avec les clients de messagerie, les outils, les navigateurs multi-navigateurs et le simulateur iOS.

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Automatically opens your browser and iOS Simulator to preview Node.js email messages sent with Nodemailer. Made for Forward Email and Lad. Cross-platform and cross-browser email testing.

Need to send emails that land in the inbox instead of spam folder? Click here to learn how to send JavaScript contact forms and more with Node.js


iOS Simulator

macOS Notification Screenshot
iOS Simulator Screenshot


Browser Screenshot



npm install preview-email


As of v3.0.6 we have built-in support for previewing emails in the iOS Simulator (in addition to rendering them in your default web browser).

This is only applicable if you are using macOS and if not running in a CI environment. If you wish to disable this default behavior, then set openSimulator to false in the options.

Otherwise you will need to install XCode from the App Store or Apple Developer Website. We have built-in friendly macOS notifications that will alert you if there are any issues while attempting to load the iOS Simulator.

After installing XCode, you will need to open it and agree to the terms and conditions. Then you will need to assign Command Line Tools.

Once the Simulator is opened – if you need to inspect the rendered email, then you can use the Web Inspector in Safari Developer Tools.


NOTE: You should probably just use email-templates directly instead of using this package.

The function previewEmail accepts two arguments message and options, and it returns a Promise which resolves with a URL (unless you specify returnHTML: true in options argument). We automatically open the browser to this URL unless you specify options.open as false (see Options for more info).

const previewEmail = require('preview-email');
const nodemailer = require('nodemailer');

const transport = nodemailer.createTransport({
  jsonTransport: true

// <https://nodemailer.com/message/>
const message = {
  from: 'linus+from@gmail.com',
  to: 'linus+to@gmail.com',
  subject: 'Hello world',
  html: '<p>Hello world</p>',
  text: 'Hello world',
  attachments: [{ filename: 'hello-world.txt', content: 'Hello world' }]

// note that `attachments` will not be parsed unless you use
// `previewEmail` with the results of `transport.sendMail`
// e.g. `previewEmail(JSON.parse(res.message));` where `res`
// is `const res = await transport.sendMail(message);`


Custom Preview Template and Stylesheets

Using the options.template object, you can define your own template for rendering (e.g. get inspiration from template.pug and write your own!):

const path = require('path');

// ...

previewEmail(message, {
  template: path.join(__dirname, 'my-custom-preview-template.pug')


You can easily debug output from preview-email:

NODE_DEBUG=preview-email node app.js


  • message (Object) - a Nodemailer message configuration object
  • options (Object) - an object with the following two properties:
    • id (String) - a unique ID for the file name created for the preview in dir (defaults to uuid.v4() from uuid)
    • dir (String) - a path to a directory for saving the generated email previews (defaults to os.tmpdir(), see os docs for more insight)
    • open (Object or Boolean) - an options object that is passed to open (defaults to { wait: false }) - if set to false then it will not open the email automatically in the browser using open, and if set to true then it will default to { wait: false }
    • template (String) - a file path to a pug template file (defaults to preview-email's template.pug by default) - this is where you can pass a custom template for rendering email previews, e.g. your own stylesheet
    • urlTransform (Function (path) => url) - a function to build preview url from file path (defaults to (path) => 'file://[file path]') - this is where you can customize the opened path to handle WSL to Windows transformation or build a http url if dir is served.
    • openSimulator (Boolean) - whether or not to open the iOS Simulator with the preview url file path (defaults to true via process.env.NODE_ENV !== 'test' and will only run if macOS detected and not in a CI environment)
    • simpleParser (Object) - an options Object to pass to mailparser's simpleParser method (see mailparser docs for available options – note that Iconv option is always overridden for safeguard)
    • returnHTML (Boolean) - whether or not to return HTML only – and subsequently not write nor open the file preview file (defaults to false)
    • hasDownloadOriginalButton (Boolean) - whether or not to render a "Download Original" button to download via base64 inline onclick JavaScript (defaults to true)